Timbers Glossary

African Hardwoods
fsc mahagany
Idigbo
Botanical Name
Terminalia Ivorensis
Origin
West Africa
Brief Description
Colour: Pale yellow-brown showing a zonal figure, sometimes with a light pinkish cast
Grain: Straight to slightly irregular.
Texture: Medium to fairly coarse.
Uses
Furniture and high-class joinery in interior and external work, general carpentry, joinery and construction work
Working Properties
Nails, screws and glues well and finishes well once filled
Durability
Durable
Density
560 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Iroko
Botanical Name
Chlorophora Excelsa
Origin
West and East Africa
EcoMahaganyBrief Description
Colour: Golden-orange to light brown
Grain: Interlocked
Texture:
Coarse but even..
Uses
Ship and boat building, interior and exterior joinery, laboratory benches, furniture making. Also: Piling and marine work, domestic flooring,
plywood manufacture and decorative veneering
Working Properties
Works ok with hand and machine tools, nails, screws and glues well and finishes well once filled
Durability
Very durable
Density
640 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Obeche
Botanical Name
Triplochiton Scleroxylon
Origin
Tropical West Africa.
Brief Description
Colour: Creamy-white to pale yellow
Grain: Interlocked.
Texture: Moderately fine and even.
Uses
Generally where durability and strength are important: interior rails, drawer sides and linings, cabinet framing and interior joinery
Working Properties
Very easy to work with hand and machine tools, nails easily, glues well and finishes well once filled
Durability
Non-durable
Density
380 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Sapele
Botanical Name
Entandrophragma Cylindricum
Origin
West and Central Africa
Brief Description
Colour:Medium to dark-reddish brown, characterised by a well-defined ribbon striped figure on quartered surfaces
Grain: Interlocked or wavy. Texture: Fairly fine.
Uses
Quality furniture and cabinet making, joinery, shop fitting, office furniture, solid doors, boat building, musical instruments, sports goods, counter tops and flooring. Also: A constructional veneer for plywood.
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, nails, screws and glues well,
Properties care required when staining but provides excellent polished finish
Durability
Moderately durable
Density
620 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Utile
Botanical Name
Entandrophragma Utile
Origin
West and Central Africa
Brief Description
Colour: Matures from pink-brown when fresh cut to deep red-brown
Grain: Interlocked.
Texture: Uniformly moderate.
Uses
Furniture, cabinet-making, counter tops, high-class exterior and interior joinery, flooring, boat building and planking. Also: Sliced for decorative veneer and plywood manufacture
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, nails satisfactorily, glues and Properties stains well and finishes well once filled
Durability
Durable
Density
660 kg/m³
American Hardwoods
EcoMahagany
Alder
Botanical Name
Alnus Rubra
Origin
Pacific coast of USA and Canada
Brief Description
Colour: Pale yellow to reddish-brown
Grain: Fairly straight.
Texture:
Uniform.
Uses
Turnery and carving. Also: Plywood core stock, utility plywood, small laminated articles and veneers.
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, has good nailing and gluing properties and takes stain, paint and polish well
Durability
Perishable
Density
530 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Ash
American
Botanical Name
Fraxinus Americana
Origin
USA and Canada
Brief Description
Colour: Grey-brown heartwood, sometimes red tinged
Grain: Straight. Texture: Coarse and even.
Uses
All types of sports equipment, handles for striking tools, bent parts for boat building, shop fitting and high-class joinery
Working Properties
Works satisfactorily with hand and machine tools, pre-boring necessary for nailing, glues, stains and polishes well
Durability
Non-durable and perishable.
Density
660 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Cherry
Botanical Name
Prunus Serotina
Origin
Deciduous forest areas of USA and Canada
Brief Description
Colour: Varies from rich red to reddish-brown. Grain: Fine, straight and close.
Texture: Smooth.
Uses
Furniture and cabinet making, high-class joinery, boat interiors. Also: Selected logs converted into decorative veneers for furniture, cabinets and wall panelling
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, nails, glues, stains and polishes well.
Durability
Moderately durable
Density
580 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Elm
Red
Botanical Name
Ulmus Rubra
Origin
Deciduous forest areas of USA and Canada
Brief Description
Colour: Varies from rich red to reddish-brown Grain: Fine, straight and close.
Texture:
Smooth.
Uses
Furniture and cabinet making, high-class joinery, boat interiors.
Also: Selected logs converted into ecorative veneers for furniture, cabinets and wall panelling
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, nails, glues, stains and polishes well
Durability
Non-durable
Density
580 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Jatobá
Botanical Name
Hymenaea courbaril
Origin
South America (Brazil)
Brief Description
Colour: Varies from light orange-brown to dark reddish-brown, and tends to become darker with age. Exhibits quite a large colour variation from one board to the next and features
Grain: Tends to be wavy and interlocked
Texture:
Medium to coarse
Uses
Flooring, furniture, cabinetry, tool handles, shipbuilding, stair treads, turned objects, and other small specialty items.
Working Properties
Glues, stains, and finishes well, and also turns well on the lathe. Tends to be difficult to work with on account of its density and hardness
Durability
Moderately durable
Density
920 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Maple
Hard
Botanical Name
Acer Saccharum
Origin
Eastern USA and Canada
Brief Description
Colour: Cream-white with reddish tinge.
Grain: Straight
Texture:
Fine and even
Uses
Heavy-duty flooring, furniture and panelling. Also: Selected stocks
are rotary cut to produce bird's eye maple veneer
Working Properties
Can be a difficult wood to work with, pre-boring necessary for nailing, glues, stains and polishes well
Durability
Non-durable
Density
720 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Maple
Soft
Botanical Name
Acer Rubrum
Origin
Eastern USA and Canada
Brief Description
Colour: Grey-brown sometimes tinged with red.
Grain: Straight .
Texture:
Coarse and even.
Uses
All types of sports equipment, handles for striking tools, bent parts
for boat building, shop fitting and high-class joinery
Working Properties
Works satisfactorily with hand and machine tools, nails and glues satisfactorily with care, stains and polishes well
Durability
Non-durable
Density
560 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Oak
American Red
Botanical Name
Quercus Rubra
Origin
Eastern Canada and USA
Brief Description
Colour: Similar to most other oaks with a biscuit to pink colour, but has a reddish tinge
Grain: Mostly straight.
Texture: Coarse
Uses
Flooring, furniture and internal joinery. Not suitable for exterior work. Also: Plywood manufacture and decorative veneers
Working Properties
Varies according to density of wood and growth conditions, nailing may need pre-boring, gluing properties are variable, stains and polishes to a good finish
Durability
Non-durable
Density
770 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Oak
American White
Botanical Name
Quercus Alba
Origin
Eastern USA and South Eastern Canada
Brief Description
Colour: Varies from pale yellow-brown to biscuit with a pinkish tint
Grain: Straight
Texture:
Medium to coarse.
Uses
Furniture, cabinet making, joinery, heavy construction, parquet and strip flooring, boat building. Also: Plywood and ornamental veneers for panelling and decorative veneers.
Working Properties
Varies according to rate of growth, nailing may need pre-boring, screws well, gluing properties are variable, stains and polishes to a good finish
Durability
The heartwood is durable and extremely resistant to preservative treatment. The sapwood is moderately resistant
Density
760 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Tulipwood
Botanical Name
Liriodendron Tulipifera
Origin
USA (also known as Canary Whitewood and Yellow Poplar)
Brief Description
Colour:Pale yellowish-brown to pale olive-brown, streaked with olive green
Grain: Straight
Texture:
Regular, fine
Uses
Pattern making, carving, cabinet making interior fittings and joinery
Working Properties
Easy to work, with both hand tools and machines
Durability
Non-durable
Density
450 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Walnut
Black
Botanical Name
Juglans Nigra
Origin
Eastern USA and Canada (Ontario).
Brief Description
Colour: Rich dark brown to purplish-black
Grain: Straight
Texture:
Rather coarse
Uses
High quality furniture, cabinet making and interior joinery, boat building, plywood manufacture, panelling and cabinet/decorative veneers.
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, nails and glues are satisfactorily, polishes to a high finish
Durability
Very durable
Density
640 kg/m³
European Hardwoods
EcoMahagany
Ash
European
Botanical Name
Fraxinus Excelsior
Origin
Grows throughout Europe, North Africa and Western Asia
Brief Description
Colour: Cream to pale tan colour
Grain: Tough, flexible and straight
Texture:
Coarse but even
Uses
Cabinet making and furniture, sports goods and striking-tool handles. Also: Sliced for decorative veneer and plywood manufacture
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, necessary to pre-bore for nailing, stains easily and takes an excellent smooth finish filled
Durability
Non-durable
Density
710 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Beech
Botanical Name
Fagus Syvatica
Origin
Grows throughout central Europe and UK (also found in Western Asia )
Brief Description
Colour: Very pale pink-brown that turns reddish-brown when steamed.
Grain: Straight
Texture:
Fine and even
Uses
Cabinet making, high-class joinery, desks and workbenches, domestic
flooring, construction and utility plywood. Sliced veneers are used for decorative veneering
Working Properties
Offers medium resistance to hand and machine tools, has a moderate blunting effect, pre-bore for nailing, stains well, glues
easily and takes an excellent finish filled
Durability
Perishable
Density
720 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Birch
Botanical Name
Betula Pendula
Origin
Grows throughout Europe and UK (also found in Scandinavia)
Brief Description
Colour: Cream-white to biscuit
Grain: Straight
Texture:
Fine
Uses
High-class joinery, interior fitments, dowels, bobbins, general
turnery and flooring.
Working Properties
Has high bending and crushing strength. Glues well, stains and polishes to a good finish filled.
Durability
Perishable
Density
660 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Lime
Botanical Name
Tilia Vugaris
Origin
Grows throughout Europe and the UK.
Brief Description
Colour: A creamy-yellow wood, that matures to yellow/pale brown
Grain: Straigt
Texture: Fine and uniform
Uses
Mainly woodcarving. Also: broom handles, toys, turnery and selectively as a decorative veneer.
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, glues well, nails satisfactorily and can be brought to a good finish by staining and all processes filled
Durability
Non-durable
Density
540 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Oak
European
Botanical Name
Quercus Petraea and Robur
Origin
UK and Europe (also Asia Minor and North Africa)
Brief Description
Colour: Yellowish brown (irregular/cross-grained material can occur)
Grain: Straight.
Texture:
Medium to coarse.
Uses
Continental oaks are preferred for furniture and cabinet making.
English oak is best for garden furniture, boat building, gateposts, furniture, floors and construction work. Also:Interior and exterior joinery, coffins, flooring, gates and fencing. For plywood manufacture it is rotary cut and when sliced creates a very attractively figured veneer
Working Properties
Has a moderate to severe blunting effect on cutters, takes waxing, liming, fuming and polishing treatments very well filled and has very
little shrinkage
Durability
Durable
Density
670-720 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Sycamore
Botanical Name
Acer Pseudoplatanus.
Origin
Central Europe and the UK.
Brief Description
Colour: White to creamy-white.
Grain: Straight.
Texture:
Fine and even.
Uses
Furniture, domestic flooring, turnery, musical instruments
Also: Selected logs are sliced for decorative veneered panelling
Working Properties
Works easily with hand and machine tools, nails, glues, stains and polishes excellently when filled
Durability
Perishable
Density
610 kg/m³
Far Eastern Hardwoods
EcoMahagany
Durian
Botanical Name
Coelostegia
Origin
Malaysia and Indonesia
Brief Description
Colour: Pink-brown to deep red-brown.
Grain: Straight to interlocked and a coarse. Texture: Often uneven
Uses
Furniture, joinery and panelling, veneers, light construction and plywood
Working Properties
Machines well, however turning produces a slightly rough surface,
nails well, can be satisfactorily bonded using standard procedures, seasoned timber readily accepts paint, stain and polish
Durability
Durable
Density
690 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Majau - Seraya
Botanical Name
Shorea Pauciflora from Sabah (Oba Suluk)
Origin
Indonesia and Malaysia
Brief Description
Colour: Medium to dark reddish- brown with white Dammar or resin streaks
Grain: Interlocked
Texture: Fairly coarse
Uses
Exterior and interior joinery and constructional work, boat building,
shop fitting, furniture, parquet flooring and veneering
Working Properties
Works fairly easily to give a good finish
Durability
Durable
Density
710 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Meranti
Botanical Name
Shorea Pauciflora
Origin
South-East Asia and the islands of the South West Pacific
Brief Description
Colour:Varies from white through straw to yellow in the yellow-white groups.
Grain: Interlocked
Texture:
Moderately coarse.
Uses
Widely used in the manufacture of doors and conservatories, as well as flooring, panelling, furniture, joinery, mouldings, plywood, turnery and carving.
Working Properties
Machines reasonably well, nails, glues and stains well and can be painted, stained or polished but may need to be filled before finishing
Durability
Moderately durable
Density
660 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Nemesu
Botanical Name
Shorea pauciflora
Origin
Malaysia
Brief Description
Colour: Medium to dark-red brown
Grain: Interlocked.
Texture:
Rather coarse.
Uses
Exterior and interior joinery, shopfitting, boatbuilding, flooring and cladding (when treated). Also: Rotary cut for plywood manufacture and sliced for decorative veneers
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, nails, glues, stains and polishes well
Durability
Moderately durable
Density
660 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Seraya
Light Red
Botanical Name
Shorea Pauciflora
Origin
Malaysia
Brief Description
Colour: Varies from very pale pink to light red-brown.
Grain: Interlocked
Texture: Coarse but even
Uses
Interior joinery, light structural work, carpentry, domestic flooring, panelling, drawer sides and backs. Also: Plywood manufacture and sliced for decorative veneers
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, nails and glues well, produces a good finish once filled
Durability
Moderately durable to non-durable.
Density
550 kg/m³
Clear Grade Softwoods and European Redwoods
EcoMahagany
Douglas Fir
Botanical Name
Pseudotsuga Menziesii
Origin
USA and Canada, also the UK, New Zealand and Australia
Brief Description
Colour: Light reddish-brown shade
Grain: Mostly straight
Texture:
Uniform medium texture
Note: It is not a true fir
Uses
More veneers and plywood are produced from Douglas Fir than any other wood. Also: For heavy construction work, roof trusses, interior and exterior joinery, poles, dock and harbour work, marine piling and ship building
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, nailing may need pre-boring, screws and glues well, stains effectively and finishes well with preparation
Durability
Moderately-durable
Density
530 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
European
Redwood
Botanical Name
Pinus Sylvestris
Origin
Scandinavia and UK
Brief Description
Colour: Creamy white to yellow
Grain: Varying from straight to interlocked
Texture: Smooth
Uses
General Joinery, construction work, furniture, carcassing and house building
Working Properties
Works easily and well with both hand and machine tool, capable of a smooth clean finish
Durability
Non-durable, requires preservative treatment if used externally
Density
550 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Hemlock
Botanical Name
Tsuga Heterophylla
Origin
Canada, USA and (recently) the UK
Brief Description
Colour: Pale brown with darker coloured bands of a reddish-purple cast.
Grain: Straight
Texture:
Fine and even
Uses
General construction, carpentry and joinery and sliced veneers for panelling and decorative veneers
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, nailing may need pre-boring, glues, stains and polishes well and gives a good result with paint and varnish
Durability
Non-durable
Density
500 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Radiata Pine
Botanical Name
Pinus Radiata
Origin
Southern California and recently New Zealand, Australia and South Africa
Brief Description
Colour:A wide pale-coloured sapwood emphases a pinkish-brown heartwood
Grain: Spiral
Texture: Relatively uniform
Uses
Building and general construction, crates and boxes. Also: Selected logs
make attractive veneers for panelling
Working Properties
Easy to work, nails, screws and glues satisfactorily
Durability
Non-durable
Density
480 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Siberian Larch
Botanical Name
Larix Decidua
Origin
Europe (Alps), the UK and Western Russia
Brief Description
Colour: Pale red-brown to brick red with clearly marked annual rings
Grain: Straight. Texture: Fine and uniform
Uses
Doors and window frames, staircases and flooring, ship building
Also: Pit props and posts, boat planking and exterior work.
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, nailing can cause splitting and pre-boring is essential, stains, paints and varnishes well
Durability
Moderately durable
Density
590 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Southern Yellow
Pine
Botanical Name
Pinus Palustris
Origin
Southern States of USA
Brief Description
Colour: Varies from pale straw to light reddish-brown
Grain: Soft straight.
Texture: Very even
Uses
Most versatile softwood suited to pattern making, carving, high-class joinery, general carpentry work, furniture, musical instruments, ship and boat building, light/medium construction, veneers (from selected logs)
Working Properties
Works very easily with hand and machine tools, finishes cleanly, nails, screws and glues and takes stains, paints and varnishes very well
Durability
Non-durable
Density
390 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Western Red
Cedar
Botanical Name
Thuja Plicata.
Origin
The northern Rocky Mountains and Pacific North-west
Brief Description
Colour:From a dark chocolate brown to a salmon pink, matures from reddish-brown to silver-grey (a finish often sought after by architects)
Grain: Straight
Texture:
Rather coarse
Uses
Cladding, Shingles, external and internal joinery, glass house and shed manufacture
Working Properties
Works easily with both hand and machine tools, but care is needed to obtain the best results during mortising, planing and moulding. A good finish can be obtained, but cutters must be kept sharpened
Durability
Durable
Density
390 kg/m³
Speciality Woods
fsc mahagany
FSC Cocobolo/
Rosewood
Botanical Name
Dalbergia Retusa
Origin
Central America from sustainable well managed forests and plantations
Brief Description
Colour:Rich reddish burgundy through to all the hues of brown to bright orange, often with a figuring of darker irregular traces
Grain: Straight and wavy
Texture:
Tight and dense
Uses
Turning, cutlery and tool handles, gun grips and knife handles, wine bottle stoppers, bowls, fancy goods and jewellery boxes. Also: Exotic looking hardwood flooring and veneers for inlay and decorative work
Working Properties
Excellent, machines, nails and screws easily and polishes to a lustrous, glassy finish
Durability
Very durable
Density
1100 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
FSC EcoTeak
Botanical Name
Tectona Grandis
Origin
Sustainable, well managed forests and plantations
Brief Description
Colour: Rich brown with darker chocolate-brown markings
Grain: Straight to wavy

Texture:
Coarse (tight grain)
Uses
Extensively in ship and boat building for decking, rails, hatches, etc, furniture, interior and exterior joinery, flooring and garden furniture Also: All grades of plywood and sliced for decorative/face veneers
Working Properties
Offers medium resistance to tools, pre-boring necessary for nailing, gluing is good on freshly prepared surfaces Stains well and takes a satisfactory finish, especially oil
Durability
Very durable
Density
650 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
FSC
EcoMahogany
Botanical Name
Swietenia Macrophylla
(A true broad leaf Mahogany)
Origin
Sustainable, well managed forests and plantations.
Brief Description
Colour: Varies from light to dark reddish-brown to deep rich red
Grain: Straight to interlocked
Texture: Medium.
Uses
High class furniture, cabinetmaking, interior joinery, panelling and boat interiors. Also: Veneers plywood manufacture and decorative veneering
Working Properties
Works easily with hand and machine tools, easy to glue, nails and screws well, stains and polishes to an excellent finish
Durability
Durable
Density
640 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
FSC Recycled
Rosewood
Botanical Name
Dalbergia Latifolia
Origin
Southern India and Java
Brief Description
Colour: From rose to dark purple-brown with darker purple-black lines
Grain: Narrowly interlocked
Texture:
Uniform and moderate
Uses
Posts, rafters and exterior joinery, high-class furniture, cabinet making, shop, office and bank fitting, flooring and boat building
Working Properties
Hard to saw and machine and also nail, glues satisfactorily and gives an excellent polished or waxed finish
Durability
Very Durable
Density
850 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
FSC Spanish
Cedar
Botanical Name
Cedrella Odorata
Origin
Central and South America
Brief Description
Colour: Usually pale pinkish-brown to dark reddish-brown
Grain: Straight or shallowly interlocked.
Texture:
Moderate
Uses
Furniture, cabinets and panelling, high-class joinery, flooring, house construction and boat building. Also: Veneers for panelling, plywood and panel corestock
Working Properties
Works well with hand and machine tools, takes nails and screws well, glues satisfactorily and can be brought to good finish
Durability
Durable
Density
480 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
FSC Spanish
Oak
Botanical Name
Terminalia Amazonia
Origin
Central and South America
Brief Description
Colour:Yellow-brown to olive-brown with prominent reddish stripes and streaks
Grain: Irregular or interlocked
Texture:
Medium with a high lustre
Uses
Cabinets, furniture, flooring, interior joinery, planking and decking in boat building. Also: In plywood manufacture and as a decorative veneer
Working Properties
Requires pre-boring before nailing, holds screws well, glues, stains and polishes to a good finish
Durability
Durable
Density
800 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
FSC Laurel
Botanical Name
Cordia Alliadora.
Origin
West Indies and Tropical America
Brief Description
Colour: Dull golden brown with variegated irregular markings
Grain: Straight
Texture:
Medium
Uses
Cabinets and furniture, interior joinery, boat decking, light construction and vehicle bodies. Also: Veneers for panelling and furniture
Working Properties
Works easily with hand and machine tools, takes nails and screws well, glues, stains and polishes to a good finish
Durability
Moderately durable
Density
550 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Wenge
Botanical Name
Millettia Laurentii
Origin
Mainly Zaire, also Cameroon Republic and Gabon
Brief Description
Colour: Dark brown with very close and fine black veins
Grain: Fairly straight
Texture: Coarse
Uses
Mainly flooring strips or blocks. Also: Interior and exterior joinery and general construction work
Working Properties
Works fairly well with machine tools, resin cells can interfere with gluing and polishing, nailing can be difficult and finishes well once filled
Durability
Durable
Density
880 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Zebrano
Botanical Name
Microberlinia Brazzavillensis.
Origin
West Africa, mainly Gabon and Cameroon Republic
Brief Description
Colour:Light gold-yellow with narrow veining or streaks of dark brown to almost black, giving the quartered surfaces a zebra-like appearance
Grain: Interlocked
Texture: Coarse
Uses
Mainly used as sliced decorative veneer for small cabinetwork, flush doors, cross banding (or inlay banding), fancy goods, marquetry and panelling
Working Properties
Works fairly well with hand and machine tools, requires a belt sander for a smooth finish, glues satisfactorily and finishes well once filled
Durability
Non-durable
Density
740 kg/m³
Structural Hardwoods
EcoMahagany
Cumaru
Botanical Name
TBC
Origin
South America.
Brief Description
Colour: Yellow to medium-brown with an orange-pink tint
Grain: Straight
Texture:
Coarse
Uses
Marine and heavy construction, flooring, decking and cladding
Working Properties
Pre-drilling before nailing and screwing is required and a good finish can be achieved
Durability
Durable
Density
600 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Ekki
Botanical Name
Lophira Alata.
Origin
West Africa.
Brief Description
Colour: Dark red to deep chocolate brown
Grain: Interlocked
Texture: Coarse and uneven
Uses
Marine and heavy construction work: including wharfs, bridges, decking, river pilings, lock gates, walkways, verandas, handrails and stairways
Working Properties
Difficult with hand tools but possible with machine tools, pre-boring necessary for nailing, glues satisfactorily and can be stained and polished normally
Durability
Very durable
Density
1025 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Oak
European
Botanical Name
Quercus Petraea and Robur.
Origin
UK and Europe (also Asia Minor and North Africa)
Brief Description
Colour: Yellowish brown (irregular/cross-grained material can occur)
Grain: Straight
Texture:
Medium to coarse
Uses
Continental oaks are preferred for furniture and cabinet making. English oak is best for garden furniture, boat building, gateposts, furniture, floors and construction work. Also: interior and exterior joinery, coffins, flooring, gates and fencing. For plywood manufacture it is rotary cut and when sliced creates a very attractively figured veneer.
Working Properties
Has a moderate to severe blunting effect on cutters, takes waxing, liming, fuming and polishing treatments very well filled and has very little shrinkage
Durability
Durable
Density
670-720 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Garapa
Botanical Name
Apuleia Leiocarpa
Origin
South America
Brief Description
Colour:Honey-yellow with a slight ribbon aspect, it becomes light brown with age.
Grain: Straight to roey
Texture: Fine uniform
Uses
Flooring, decking and cladding
Working Properties
The wood glues easily and stays in place, saws, nails and screws well with only a slight blunting effect on tools
Durability
Durable
Density
830 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Greenheart
Botanical Name
Ocotea Rodiaei
Origin
Guyuna
Brief Description
Colour:Pale-rose sapwood with yellowy beige to sombre olive brown heartwood.
Grain: Straight to interlocked
Texture:
Fine and even
Uses
All Marine and heavy construction works, including piling, lock gates and bridges
Working Properties
Difficult to work, requires pre-boring for nailing and gluing results are variable, polishes to a good finish
Durability
Very durable
Density
1030 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Ipe
Botanical Name
Tabebuia Serratifolia
Origin
Central and South America
Brief Description
Colour:Greyish white sapwood with light to dark olive brown heartwood
Grain: Straight to irregular
Texture: Fine
Uses
Used extensively for decking and flooring application
Working Properties
Works easily with hand and machine tools, easy to glue, nails and screws well, stains and polishes to an excellent finish
Durability
Very durable
Density
960-1200 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Massaranduba
Botanical Name
Manilkara Bidentata.
Origin
South America.
Brief Description
Colour:Whitish to pale brown sapwood with dark reddish brown heartwood
Grain: Straight to Interlocking
Texture:
Fine & Uniform
Uses
Construction, bridges, decking, alkways, handrails and stairways.
Working Properties
Machines and saws well, despite density, with medium blunting on cutting tools. Sands and polishes well, but pre-drilling required prior to nailing and screwing
Durability
Very durable
Density
1050 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Opepe
Botanical Name
Nauclea Diderrichii.
Origin
West Africa.
Brief Description
Colour:Whitish to pale yellow sapwood with orange or yellow heartwood
Grain: Mostly interlocked
Texture:
Fairly coarse
Uses
General constructions, boards, beams, heavy framework, wharf and jetty decking, marine work interior and exterior coatings and planks
Working Properties
Works moderately well with hand and machine tools, pre-boring necessary for nailing, glues well and a high finish is obtainable once filled
Durability
Very durable
Density
740 kg/m³
EcoMahagany
Purpleheart
Botanical Name
Peltogyne Pubescens.
Origin
Central America and tropical South America.
Brief Description
Colour:Creamy white sapwood with dull brown to a bright, vibrant purple heartwood
Grain: Straight but often irregular.
Texture:
Moderate to fine
Uses
Heavy outdoor construction work, bridges, park benches, flooring and
decking
Working Properties
Can be difficult to work, turns well, pre-boring necessary for nailing, glues without difficulty, stains and wax polishes easily
Durability
Very durable
Density
860 kg/m³
fsc mahagany
Yellow Balau
Botanical Name
Shorea spp.
Origin
Western Malaysia.
Brief Description
Colour: Yellow-brown
Grain: Interlocked
Texture:
Moderately fine and even.
Uses
Marine constructions, lock gates, piling, fenders, bridge components, decking, outdoor furniture.
Working Properties
Works reasonably well but with severe blunting of cutting edges it is necessary to reduce cutting angles and feed speeds
Durability
Very durable
Density
930 kg/m³